M.P. 470.3

Fairbanks, AK Time & Temp
.Click for Fairbanks, Alaska Forecast

Current Population: 31,535 (as of 2003)
Incorporation Type: Home Rule City
Borough Located In: Fairbanks North Star Borough
Taxes: Sales: None; Property: 5.966 mills (City); 16.849 mills (Borough); 8% Accommodations; 5% Liquor; 8% Tobacco Tax
City: City of Fairbanks, 800 Cushman Street, Fairbanks, AK 99701, Phone 907-459-6772 , Fax 907-459-6710

Fairbanks is located in the heart of Alaska's Interior, on the banks of the Chena River in the Tanana Valley and is Alaska's second largest city. By air, Fairbanks is 45 minutes from Anchorage and 3 hours from Seattle. It lies 358 road miles north of Anchorage.  Winter temperatures average -12; summer temperatures average 61.  Temperatures have been recorded as low as -78 in mid-winter, and as high as 93 in summer. Average annual precipitation is 11.3 inches. Ice fog is common during the winter. Fairbanks experiences 21 hours of daylight between May 10th and Aug. 2nd each summer, and less than 4 hours of daylight between Nov. 18th and Jan. 24th each winter. 

Koyukon Athabascans have lived in the area for thousands of years. In 1901, Capt. E.T. Barnette established a trading post on the Chena River. A year later, gold was discovered 16 miles north of the post. The town grew as the Chena steamboat landing brought many prospectors during the Pedro Dome gold rush. Fairbanks was named after Indiana Senator Charles Fairbanks, who later became vice president.  By 1910, the official population had grown to 3,541, although more than 6,000 miners lived and worked their claims on creeks north of town.  By 1915, it was becoming a bustling little town.  Today, Fairbanks is a transportation hub able to serve North Slope oil fields and Arctic villages. Fairbanks is a modern, bustling city. Twelve radio stations, three commercial TV stations, A public Broadcasting System operated by the University of Alaska and of course cable TV. Fairbanks has one daily newspaper, the Fairbanks Daily News Miner; churches, 31 public schools, eight private schools and a regional library. 

Alaska Railroad has daily passenger service between Fairbanks and Anchorage with stop over privileges at Denali National Park during summer. The train departs Fairbanks at 8:15 a.m. and arrives in Anchorage at 8:15 p.m..

First photograph of Fairbanks, 1902 

Fairbanks is Alaska's second largest city 

Aerial view of the U. of Alaska at Fairbanks

End of the line
Fairbanks is the end of the
line for the Alaska Railroad
Yard Office
The Yard Office in Fairbanks
Fairbanks Depot
The depot at Fairbanks

Flood Aerial view of the yard
The great Fairbanks flood 1938-1942 Aerial view of Fairbanks rail yard

Click here for a Fairbanks railroad yard map.


Page was created 12/1/99 and last updated 12/2/11